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EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)

EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)

Загальна довжина клинка mm: 278±05 мм
Матеріал леза Blade - DI103-MP steel (Р12М3К5Ф2-MP) - high-speed powder steel from the Ukrainian enterprise Dniprospetsstal (Zaporizhia) in stainless damask laminate
Твердість клинка (метал): Загартованість - 64 HRC
Матеріал руків'я: Buffalo Horn, Neuselber, Stabilized Souvelle Birch, Amber/Loofah Hybrid in Acrylic, Mosaic Tube and Fluorescent Mosaic Foam (glow in the dark). Strap made of leather cord 3 mm, bead made of stabilized birch sap
Довжина леза 143±05 мм
  • Availability: In Stock
15,000.00 грн.

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Description

SPECIFICATIONS:

The name of the knife: EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
Knife type: Fixed blade
Brand: Pavlo Honcharenko's Handmade Knives Studio


Blade material: Blade - DI103-MP steel (Р12М3К5Ф2-MP) - high-speed powder steel from the Ukrainian enterprise Dniprospetsstal (Zaporizhia) in stainless damask lining
Steel sheet: One-piece, forged, assembly of the handle is mounted on epoxy glue
Blade sharpening angle: Sharpened at 36 degrees
Descents: Direct
Reduction: 0.2 mm
Blade hardness: 64 HRC
Total length: 278 mm
Blade length: 143 mm
Blade width: 33 mm
Blade thickness: 3.8 mm
Length of the handle: 135 mm
Handle thickness: 32 mm
Grinding of the blade: The finish of the blade is mirror polishing
Bolster and back material: Brass
Handle Material: Buffalo Horn, Neuselber, Stabilized Souvelle Birch, Amber/Loofah Hybrid in Acrylic, Mosaic Tube and Fluorescent Mosaic Foam (glow in the dark). Strap made of leather cord 3 mm, bead made of stabilized birch sap
Handle color: Emerald
Impregnation of the handle: Yes
Handle cover: Yes
Hole for a shoelace (for a lanyard): Yes
Strap: Strap made of leather cord 3 mm, bead made of stabilized birch sap
Scabbards: Tinted Birch Souville, Hand Carved Wood, Italian Genuine Vegetable Tanned Calf Leather, Finished with Water Resistant Finish and Impregnated with Protective Solutions, Stitched with Waxed Thread. Manual embossing of the invoice. An insert from a hybrid. The hanger is free, removable


Model: EMERALD II exclusive handmade knife by PAVL GONCHARENKA, order to buy in Ukraine (Steel - DI103MP™ in multi-layer laminate of stainless steel n690 64 HRC)
Model number: 123
Country of birth: Ukraine
Artisan: Master Pavlo Honcharenko, Ivankiv, Ukraine ( "Pavel Honcharenko's handmade knives" )
Best use : Hunting, fishing, tourism, household, carcass division, slicing
Knife condition: new

The price is indicated together with the scabbard.


A sharpened knife is not a cold weapon.


Our knives are very sharp, so open and use very carefully. We are not responsible for injuries related to the use of our knives.
Our products are intended for legal use only by responsible buyers. We will not sell our products to anyone under the age of 18.


Availability changes regularly, upon confirmation of your order, we will inform you about the availability or when the product will be ready. The product may differ slightly from the one shown in the photo.


 

 

 

 

Steel DI103-MP (P12M3K5F2-MP). Composition and properties.

 

 

Composition of steel DI103-MP (Р12М3К5Ф2-MP), %
C Cr Mn Mo In P And S V other
1-1.15 3.8-4.3 0.5 2.5-3 0.4 0.03 0.6 0.03 1.8-2.3 12(W)
5.5(Co)
 

PROPERTIES OF STEEL ELEMENTS:

Carbon (C, Carbon):  improves edge retention and increases viscosity; increases hardness and wear resistance; reduces plasticity; in high values, it reduces corrosion resistance.
Chromium (Cr, Chromium):  increases hardness, tensile strength and density; increase corrosion resistance (>11% makes the alloy stainless).
Manganese (Mn, Manganese)  : increases flammability, wear resistance and viscosity; used as a deoxidizer and degasser to remove oxygen during metal melting; in large % increases hardness and brittleness.
Molybdenum (Mo, Molybdenum)  : increases hardness, strength, calcination and density; improves machinability and corrosion resistance.
Nickel (Ni, Nickel):  adds impact toughness; improves corrosion resistance; reduces hardness.
Phosphorus (P, Phosphorus):  is considered a harmful impurity. It dissolves in ferrite, due to this, the strength increases, but the plasticity and impact strength decrease with an increase in the susceptibility of steel to brittleness. In low-alloy steels with about 0.1% carbon, phosphorus increases strength and resistance to atmospheric corrosion. It is considered a harmful impurity.
Silicon (Si, Silicon)  : increases strength; used as a deoxidizer and degasser to remove oxygen during metal melting.
Sulfur (S, Sulfur):  is usually considered a harmful impurity that affects plasticity, impact toughness, weldability, corrosion properties, surface quality of steel, etc. The harmful effect of sulfur reduces the presence of manganese in steel. The sulfur content in quality steels does not exceed 0.02-0.03%.
Vanadium (V, Vanadium):  increases strength, wear resistance, increases density and viscosity; increases corrosion resistance by increasing the oxide film; vanadium carbide inclusions are very hard.
Tungsten (W, Tungsten):  adds strength, viscosity and improves firing; retains hardness at high temperatures.
Cobalt (Co, Cobalt):  increases strength and hardness, allows hardening at higher temperatures; enhances the effects of other elements in complex steels.
Niobium (Nb, Niobium)  : limits the growth of carbides; limits workability; creates the hardest carbides.
Nitrogen (N, Nitrogen)  : used instead of carbon in the steel matrix (nitrogen atoms function similarly to carbon atoms, but have advantages in corrosion resistance).

ZAT  (Dnipro, Ukraine)
http://www.zat24.com/

 

The buffalo is the king of the desert and jungle

Every description of a buffalo - African or Asian - should begin with the words "huge, formidable wild bull". But the classification includes several species, and they differ not only in appearance. Looking at the photos of even-toed ungulates, it seems that it is better not to approach them even a step. However, many peoples have not only successfully tamed some types of bulls, but also get along well with wild ones.

 

African buffalo

The black king of the desert, able to resist predatory cats and in most cases defeats them. The description of the buffalo inspires justified fears: adults grow up to 1.8 m in height and 3.5 in length. The weight of an adult male can reach 1000 kg. The head is at the level below the withers, which is why the animals always have such a formidable appearance. In battles, buffaloes are helped by their main weapon - helmet-shaped horns.

WARNING! The number of even-toed ungulates has significantly decreased with the arrival of man on the previously wild lands. The African species is now protected by humans to avoid eventual extinction. Hunting is allowed strictly during the season and during a limited time.

  1. Feeding. Animals graze together, herds are not dispersed too widely. They eat grass and other greens, but always stay close to water bodies. Pasture is a signal to people about the proximity of water.
  2. Reproduction. In the spring, fierce battles take place between males - this is the mating season. Young people and too old individuals very rarely manage to win back their right, so merciless are their opponents. Offspring appear after 11 months. At 2 months, calves begin to feed on grass.
    African buffalo
  3. Lifetime. Lives for about 20 years. The herd always protects its own, so predators rarely succeed in capturing a bull. Hoofed animals do not attack each other, except during the mating season.

Asian buffalo

The Indian counterpart of the king of the desert is not inferior to him in size. 2 m in height and 3 in length, two-meter horns bent upwards - Asian ones also strike fear into other representatives of the fauna. However, man took the risk of taming these even-toed ungulates.

WARNING! The species is on the brink of extinction - man is settling more and more land, gradually displacing bulls. Hunting is allowed only in Australia, in the territories of Southeast Asia and India, the buffalo is listed in the Red Book, and the Tamarau variety is considered almost lost - you can see this bull in a photo or in a protected area.

  1. Feeding. The herd spends all its time in coastal areas. Bulls eat not only ordinary grass, they also eat aquatic vegetation. The hot climate forces the animals to literally spend the whole day in the water, they eat cool food in the morning or evening.
  2. Reproduction. Indian species do not follow a clear order of mating periods. The calf appears after 11 months and feeds on milk until 9 months, while nibbling grass from 2 months. age
  3. Lifetime. Just like other species, Indian buffalo live up to 20 years. Defeating the Asian bull is not easy, because the herd uses cunning waiting tactics and catches the enemy on its trail.

Asian buffalo

Interesting Facts

  • The description of buffaloes is not limited to frighteningly huge individuals, there are also mini-bulls. Asian ungulates are divided into several dwarf species: antelope-like tamarau - 300 kg, mountain and plain anoa - 150 kg.
  • Wild buffaloes lose their numbers not only due to extermination. Domesticated bulls mate with wild females and "spoil" the pure blood of the latter.
  • The only enemy against which a giant buffalo is helpless, capable of tearing a tiger apart, is an insect. Ticks and other pests burrow into the wool of bulls and even lay eggs in it. Cope with this scourge, even-toed ungulates are helped by birds - they fearlessly sit right on the giants' backs and peck out insects.
  • Some nations consume buffalo milk and meat. Mozzarella cheese is based on the fatty milk of buffaloes.

buffalo and birds

  • Dwarf bulls live longer than their tall brothers. The average life expectancy reaches 30 years.
  • A wounded buffalo fights to the end and mostly wins.

The wild bull is rightfully considered the king of wild African and Asian lands. The description of the buffalo boils down to the readiness to fight to the last breath and always protect the members of the herd at the cost of his life.

 


HANDLE MATERIAL - MAMMOTH'S TOOTH

Mammoth tooth is a rare raw material that is used to make decorative objects, for example, knife handles, covers for pistol grips, and jewelry. This is a unique natural element, which is rarely obtained, so its cost is quite high.

Today, the mammoth tooth, after certain processing (stabilization), is widely used by master knifemakers. Stabilization is a process of polymerization of the material under vacuum with or without the use of fat-soluble dyes, while the material is permeated with polymeric substances through.

HANDLE MATERIAL MAMMOTH TEETH

A mammoth tooth is a product of animal origin. Its exceptional feature is the fact that its source is extinct animals - mammoths. Paleontologists found that they lived on Earth about 10 thousand years ago, and their number was very large. Mammoths' teeth were not permanent and changed about four times during their lifetime. Fallen teeth, which modern scientists find during excavations, and become the basis for decorative elements, among which there are knife handles.

Due to a long stay in the soil, the material acquired a very unstable structure - the enamel became rock-hard, and the dentin, on the contrary, became loose. But modern material stabilization technologies have helped turn mammoth teeth into an excellent basis for creating luxurious knife handles. The polymer composite provides products with resistance to corrosion and moisture, and the natural base gives a unique texture and intricate pattern.

Features of the material

Mammoth molars are used to create various products. Outwardly, they look like elephant teeth, but much more have a different shade. Taking into account the historical value and rarity, the mammoth tusk is especially highly valued, since this animal became extinct long before our era. The tusks of prehistoric giants can be found not only in paleontological museums, but also on the counters of jewelry stores, they are used to decorate the interior, they are used to create various decorative elements - of course, not in their original form, but in processed form.

According to scientists, the age of the material is 10-40 thousand years. Today, how mammoths lived is not fully understood. However, the remains of these giants found by scientists, their bones, teeth, even whole carcasses allowed scientists to seriously advance in this field of research. The available data made it possible to find out what the mammals looked like, what they ate, what climatic conditions they lived in, what behavioral characteristics they had (for example, did they lead a gregarious or solitary existence).

The mammoth ate practically the same as the modern elephant: its diet consisted of plant food. In the world, the animal could feed on coniferous plants. They preferred coarse food, which they easily chewed with their strong jaws and teeth, similar to large plates. An interesting feature of the mammoth's body was that as the old tooth wore out, a new one grew, displacing the former one and taking its place. Thus, the animal could change its teeth several times during its life. All the teeth were replaced in about a ten-year interval, and the average lifespan of a mammoth was 40 years. In other words, one animal could survive an average of four complete changes of primary teeth. Thanks to this feature, people often find individual worn mammoth teeth, but do not find other traces of it.

Appearance

If you look at a mammoth tooth, you can see a non-uniform surface with ribbed edges. Bone, enamel and soft tissue alternate in this case. The material has a rather complex structure:

its basis is dentin.
The dentine layer is covered with protective enamel.
It is worth noting that the mammoth had only 4 molars and 2 tusks, which protruded outwards and served mainly for self-defense.

After special treatment, the root tooth can be used to make various jewelry products. The density of the material is very high and resembles a stone. In order to process such a product, the craftsman needs to spend a lot of effort and time.

Stabilization of raw materials

To prevent the tooth and tusk from collapsing in the process of use and making a product from it, stabilization technology is used. This is a responsible stage of processing, in which the following technologies are used:

Polycondensation.
Vacuum processing.
Application of special dyes.

All voids of the tooth are filled with a polymer substance, due to which the base acquires reliable protection against climatic influences. Such a product does not deform, cracks do not appear on it, it becomes able to withstand high temperatures. The appearance of the material also changes, becomes more attractive and unique.
 


Before the advent of this technology, mammoth teeth and bones were rarely used for making souvenirs, because they did not have sufficient strength due to the large number of cracks and delamination inside. In addition, tooth enamel has a high hardness, which during processing quickly leads to the unusability of the saw. A stabilized product is much easier to subject to further processing. Mammoth tooth became especially popular in the manufacture of knife handles. It looks unusual, attractive, and if you add a dye, you can create a unique pattern that can give even such a rare thing special individuality.


 


Suvel ash. Stabilization of wood

Suvel ash. Stabilization of wood   is a method of processing, as a result of which wood is given higher strength and its decorative qualities are improved, while preserving the natural pattern. That is, Stabilized wood combines the advantages of synthetic materials with natural beauty. In the course of stabilization, the wooden blank seeps through, forming a polymer monolith that securely binds the wooden components and minimizes harmful factors affecting the human body (with a list of harmful factors encountered during the manufacture and operation of wooden products, you can get acquainted   HERE ). Stabilized wood has excellent mechanical properties during processing - there are no differences in density along the body of the workpiece (which allows more accurate drilling and sawing), it is polished without clogging the skin, it is polished to a mirror. At the same time, the appearance and tactile sensations remain inherent to ordinary wood.

In addition to the intricate pattern on the surface of the product, stabilized wood provides a number of undeniable advantages over traditional materials:
• High density;
• Hardness;
• Resistance to changes in temperature and humidity of the environment;
• Immunity to ultraviolet radiation;
• Ability to withstand short-term heating by an open flame, without losing its quality characteristics and without being deformed;
• Impermeable to various liquids, including oils;
• Resistance to solvents of organic origin;
• Excellent decorative properties – stabilized wood lends itself well to manual and mechanical processing (does not clog sandpaper).

Kap and souvel  are growths on the trunks of trees in the form of characteristic rounded swellings. Getting such a blank is a dream for everyone who works with wood, and here's why. The fibers in such growths have a special deformed structure: their tortuous and disordered growth creates a unique texture called swill. But this is not the flexibility characteristic of, for example, maple. It is very tangled in growth and has a number of features, thanks to which an incomparable wooden texture is obtained. With its pattern and characteristic ebb, it resembles marble, mother-of-pearl or moire pattern. Such material is a real treasure for everyone who works with wood.

 

Cap and souvel are similar in nature, but they are not the same. They differ in structure, textured pattern, features of formation and a number of other points that we have collected in this table.

Birch suvel and cap of distinction

Now about all this in more detail.

1

Bag

People call the cap a "witch's broom". It really has something repulsive, but only if you don't know what miracle nature has hidden under a thick layer of bark.

What is the difference between a cap and a suvel?

What does Capt

Location of the tree
Unlike the souvel, kapa are rare. They usually appear on the trunks of trees or in the basal part. They are much less often formed on branches. Basal growths (caproot) have a flattened shape, while trunk or bud growths are more like a ball, often asymmetrical in appearance. As a rule, mouthpieces are located on one side of the trunk as a characteristic influx; growths that cover the tree all the way around are less common. There are both single specimens and whole cap colonies covering the trunk of the tree in small groups.

Formation and structure
The fundamental difference between a cap and a souvel is in structure. If you look at the cap in section, it will be filled with small wooden knots - these are called kidneys. Whereas souvel is simply deformed and chaotically intertwined annual rings. Thus, the cap growth represents a kind of reserve bundle of kidneys that have not opened, created by nature as a reserve. Why? Dendrologists do not agree on this.

Burl knife handles

Under a thick layer of bark, cap and souvel practically do not differ from each other. The only thing that can give off a cap is small green twigs growing on its surface. This is a part of the same sleeping kidneys that have only been activated for some reason. Without the bark, the difference between cap and souvel becomes obvious. The surface of the cap is covered with cone-shaped convexities, while the souvel is completely smooth.

The sizes
of the drops vary greatly: from growths of walnuts to truly gigantic formations. The largest of the documented kapa on the territory of the former USSR was found on the bank of a flat-leaved tree that grew on Sakhalin. Its height was 1.4 m, and the length of the circle was 10.8 m. The size of the tips depend on the location on the trunk and the type of tree. The largest are traditionally considered the basal kapa, but their extraction turns into a difficult task and is impossible without cutting down the tree. Large mouths, weighing 300 kg or more, can often be found on walnut, downy river, Mongolian oak. They grow 3-4 times slower than the souvel and are very rare.

Texture
Kapova wood has a characteristic texture, thanks to which it is quite easy to distinguish it from suvel. On the end section, the dormant buds seem to be wrapped in numerous layers of wood fibers. Such nodules are somewhat similar to the "bird's eye" texture, but they are not so evenly distributed in the cap. Here everything is chaotic: the kidneys merge with each other, penetrate into each other, are absent in some areas, and in others they accumulate very densely. All this creates complex lacy abstractions, somewhat reminiscent of a malachite pattern.

Bird's eye wood and burl

Bird's eye (maple sapwood) and cap texture

The more dormant buds, the more complex and rich the pattern of the wood. In large kapa there are fewer kidneys, so their texture is closer to suvels.

The biological role of mouth sores
Both mouth sores and souvel are often called a disease. Such a position is not completely scientific, but it cannot be called unequivocally wrong either, at least because the biological role of growths is still not understood. There are different hypotheses about this. For example, the cap is considered as a reserve supply of kidneys from which the tree can regenerate, for example, in case of drought or partial loss of the crown. There is also an opinion that the growths increase the mechanical strength of the trunk, protect it from damage or prevent disease-causing agents from getting inside. There are many assumptions, and all of them are convincing to varying degrees. However, most dendrologists agree that the ability of trees to form crowns has no clear function — it is a kind of side effect of evolution that was once more important than it is now.

2

Suvel

Suvel is growths without dormant buds. Sometimes such formations are called "suvelval" or simply "svil". Unlike the kapa, the structure of the souvel has no wooden knots, and all the beauty of the texture here is created by chaotically intertwined vessels. From such deformed fibers, an influx in the form of a ball or a drop is formed on the barrel. It grows three to four times faster than kapa and is found on trees much more often.

What does birch suvel look like?

What does the souvel look like?

It is quite easy to distinguish a souvel from a cap. Neither small twigs nor buds break through it. Under a thick layer of bark, the surface is completely smooth without conical bulges, like a cap. All the beauty of the texture here is formed by the chaotic release of interwoven fibers. It does not just go in light waves, as in some species of trees, but is lost in dense folds, bundles, bundles. All the beauty of the pattern is enhanced by a special ebb, reminiscent of marble, mother-of-pearl or a moiré pattern. There are no such pronounced overflows in the cap.

Suvel changes its appearance more strongly after decoration. For example, with deep impregnation with colorless oils and careful polishing, the wood acquires a special "bone" texture. Because of this, souvel is sometimes even called a wooden bone. In some rocks, after processing, the veins are literally visible through the structure of the material. This effect is highly appreciated by knife makers: most often they make knife handles from birch, walnut, and ash sapwood.

Knife handles made of suvel

The density of the souvel is lower than that of the cap. In this, it significantly exceeds the hardness of the trunk wood. Processing birch sapwood and other species requires certain skills, since, like sapwood, it is not the most pliable material. But despite all the difficulties, working with him is an incomparable pleasure. Souvel is always a mystery: it is impossible to predict what amazing beauty the drawing will reveal after another pass of the cutter.

3

Where to find valuable growths

Kapas and souvelis are found on all species, but deciduous trees are more prone to their formation. In our latitudes, such growths are most often found on the shore, and of all its types. Maple, rowan, walnut, ash, hornbeam, oak, elm are also considered to be prone to cap formation. But, let's repeat, this does not mean that they do not occur on other deciduous trees.

In conifers, the ability to form growths is much lower. They are more likely to be found on European spruce, Siberian larch and some other conifers. Pine sapwood is inferior in beauty to growths of deciduous trees, but the troubles with harvesting and processing are much greater here, due to the high content of resins and the tendency to crack.

It is better to go in search of capes from April to May. First of all, at this time the forest has not yet been covered with greenery and the growths are clearly visible. Secondly, it is during this period that the active movement of sap begins in the trees, thanks to which the bark is removed from the sawed growth much more easily. This is relevant, first of all, for caps, which, as we have already found out, are characterized by conical bulges, which make it difficult to remove the powerful bark.

Suvel and birch burl with buds breaking through

But harvesting caps in the spring involves some difficulties. First of all, at this time, the wood is highly saturated with moisture and it is more difficult to saw it. Secondly, kap or souvel with excessive moisture can present many "surprises" during the drying process: from strong mold to complex through cracks that will hopelessly spoil the valuable material. For this reason, many craftsmen prefer to go in search of saplings in September-October, when the intensity of the movement of sap in the trees decreases.

Kapas and suvels are more often found in deciduous forests. Moreover, foresters note a certain regularity: it is more possible to find tree growths in areas with sparse undergrowth, and especially those that are flooded in early spring.

For those who are serious, it is better to get to know the foresters and agree on the supply of material. The following should be understood here. By the standards of industrial woodworking, capa and suveli are considered a marriage. They are not made into imitations, and not all enterprises have a line for the production of, for example, the same veneer. Also, caps are not used as firewood - they are not malleable in processing and smolder more than they burn. Of course, most likely the forester understands what he is dealing with. But if a person does not engage in carving or sharpening himself, he is unlikely to prepare and store large workpieces. As a result, in the course of logging, kapa and suveli often receive a share of ordinary waste, so it is usually not difficult to agree on the supply on mutually beneficial terms.

Another working scheme is the search for growths in the waste of sanitary logging. Crowning trees in yards, parks, along roads is a systematic procedure in most large cities. This can be used. Moreover, it is often much easier to get along with utility workers than with the same foresters. After inspecting the waste and finding a valuable growth, most likely you will have no problems agreeing to have it sawed off right on the spot.

4

Provision

Everything is relatively simple with growths on fallen trees: they are cut down together with a section of the trunk, and already the houses in a calm environment decide what the blanks will be used for and how to more rationally cut a massive log. But finding a fallen tree with valuable growth is like winning the lottery.

How to cut suvel and burl

Much more often, you have to saw off the sap and saplings from a growing tree. Doing it with a chainsaw is a very barbaric method. And walking through the forest with such an accessory can cause a lot of misunderstandings during a meeting with a forester.

How to cut souvel and cap?

The most delicate and at the same time effective method is the use of a bow saw. Separately, we note the importance of a high-quality canvas with the correct separation of the teeth. Otherwise, the saw will wedge and bind in the "cap wood", which will turn the already difficult sawing on a scale into this test.

The second tool, which will not be superfluous, is a small ax: they carefully chop the bark around the growth. On thick trunks, it is better to saw strictly tangentially. This reduces the useful size of the workpiece, but avoids hopeless jamming of the blade during the sawing process. On relatively thin trees, the cutting line can be slightly deepened towards the trunk. Of course, it is better to lay an arc within reasonable limits, especially if you did take up the chainsaw.

How to saw off burl and suvel from a tree

Seven sweats went down, and the desired cap was finally sawed off. Now the most important thing! It is necessary to close the wound on the tree to prevent it from dying. For smearing, it is often recommended to use garden var or ordinary clay. These are working methods, but not reliable enough (especially clay). It is better to cover the burning place with oil paint.

5

How to dry a cap without cracks. Two ways

Those who work with coppice wood know very well that the most difficult thing when working with this material is not to find or even cut the desired growth, but to dry it properly. So that the workpiece does not turn out to be hopelessly spoiled by mold, warping or through cracks.

Just in case, we remind you: you can work with wood only when it is dry. The moisture content of the workpiece should reach at least 15%, even better — 10-12%. This is important for any type of processing: turning, carving, carpentry. Raw wood is poorly processed and almost guaranteed to present "surprises" in the form of cracking, warping and even mold. In general, the tree needs to be dried, and the sapwood is no exception.

It is not difficult to guess that due to the abnormal structure of the fibers, drying of wood growth is significantly different from ordinary lumber. The internal tension here is much stronger, and the nature of their manifestation is completely unpredictable. Due to this, the workpieces often have deep cracks, or even completely split into parts.

Let's say right away that there is no 100% working scheme that will help avoid the unpleasant consequences of drying. Every drop or drop is unpredictable. Plus, a lot depends on the size of the growth, the type of tree, and the time of sawing. Nevertheless, we will focus on the two most effective ways to dry birch and any other sapwood without cracks.

Seasoning

Here we are talking about standard atmospheric drying, but with its own minor features. The general algorithm of actions is approximately as follows.

  1. The place of the cut (the back side of the cap or souvel) is covered with an improvised sealant. It can be oil paint or, for example, PVA glue. This is necessary in order to slow down the accelerated exit of moisture through the end. Rapid drying leads to a sharp imbalance of internal stress and increases the risk of cracks. Thus, in the case of atmospheric drying, time is sacrificed in favor of wood stability.
  2. The place where the workpiece dries must be well ventilated. At the same time, it is necessary to provide protection from direct sunlight and moisture. Plus there should be no moisture. From spring to autumn, it is easiest to ensure such conditions outside by making an improvised drying rack with protective flooring. This is especially true if there are many blanks.
  3. It is better to put two square spacer rails under each workpiece so that air currents can blow it from all sides. But for the winter period, it is still better to move kapa and suveli indoors.

Atmospheric drying is a slow process. And this is its main drawback. It takes about a year for a medium-sized harvest to dry to 15-17%. At the same time, during the entire drying period, it is necessary to carefully monitor that no centers of biological activity appear on the wood. Preventing this problem helps with timely antisepsis, which we talked about in detail in a separate article. But after such processing, for obvious reasons, it is better not to use caps for making spoons, dishes, boards and other dishes.

Accelerated drying

Here we came to the question, why cook souvel. Boiling in a salt solution is one of the methods that helps to quickly remove moisture from the wooden workpiece, minimizing the likelihood of its cracking. That is, it is a kind of stabilization technology. Now about how to cook cap and souvel. But let's start a little further. Back in 2005, a user of one of the weapons forums under the nickname Serjant shared his method of accelerated drying of the souvelle. The method itself turned out to be so successful that it is still being retold all over the Internet in various variations, and old-timers call it "drying by the Sergeant method." Let us summarize its essence as briefly as possible:

  1. The entire workpiece is placed in a container and filled with water so that it covers the wood by 2-3 cm. It is desirable to first clean the growth from the bark for better penetration of the salt solution.
  2. Salt is added to the water at the rate of 2 tablespoons (with a slide) per liter.
  3. In the classic version, the author also suggests adding sawdust of resinous species to the water. This can not be done. Decoction with sawdust really gives the workpiece a pleasant ocher shade, but only on top. Inside, the texture remains normal.
  4. The container is put on fire and boiled over low heat for   6-8 hours  , periodically adding water and adding salt.
  5. After cooking, the workpiece is dried for one or two days. No need to use any newspaper wrappers. Follow the standard atmospheric drying rules mentioned above: use spacer bars, hide the workpiece from the sun, ensure natural ventilation.
  6. The cooking-drying cycle is repeated   2-4 times   , depending on the size of the workpiece. Total cooking should take at least 12 hours.
  7. After the last cooking, the workpiece is dried for one to two weeks.

It cannot be said that this method is already fast. And it requires a lot of trouble. But such stabilization is not a year and a half of atmospheric drying. Also, with cooking, you can worry less about cracks. Salt effectively displaces not only free, but also bound moisture, which is in the cells of the tree. In this way, deep, fast and, most importantly, uniform drying of the workpiece is ensured. The wood is stabilized with minimal internal stress imbalance, so the risk of cracking is significantly lower.

6

Why do you need a birch cap and souvel. Processing features

Carving on the souvel and kapu is very different from working with ordinary wood. This requires special skills and understanding of this non-standard material. The usual Bogorod knife or carving knife will not help much. The high density and chaotic arrangement of the fibers make it difficult to handle with hand tools. Even sharp chisels fit in front of this material. Therefore, the processing of wooden growths is more often carried out today with the use of an electric tool. Processing of small details in products and other decorative products is done with a dremel, with various crowns, small discs, burrs.

What can be done with kapa and souveli

Wood growths are widely used in decorative and applied arts. There is even a separate direction of artistic craft - root plastic surgery. Elegant boxes, cigarette cases, jewelry, and much more are made from kapa and souvel. The same kapokorin is usually considered the best material for making smoking pipes.

What is made from burl and suveli

In industrial woodworking, mouthpieces are mainly used for veneer production. Furniture is also inlaid with them: headboards, tables, sideboards and other items. Gunsmiths especially appreciate this material: cap and souvel are the best material for knife covers and gun stocks.

The hotel direction of cap finishing is the creation of tableware and turning products. Turning in a special way reveals the beauty of the already unique structure of this material.

Wooden utensils made from burl

Bowls, plates, dishes and other turned products look like full-fledged works of art, the designer of which was nature, and the sculptor - man.

Traditional dishes are also made from wooden growths. For example, the famous stump - the Finnish bowl, which accompanies the inhabitants of the north all their lives and is a kind of amulet - is cut from the cap of a birch tree.

Finnish kuksa made from birch burl

Cutting boards deserve a special mention: they are so unique in their beauty that while they are not used as utensils, they serve as self-sufficient designer decor.

Suvel cutting board

Source: https://woodschool.com.ua/kap-i-suvel.html

 

 

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